If you are a fan of movies or musicals, you would certainly know the terms Hollywood, Bollywood and Nollywood, which sound similar, but are in fact totally different arts.
All three are film industries, but with different origins around the world and are known for the production of films and make up the great global film industry.
Hollywood: The home of American movies
Any movie fan, whenever he talks about the history of fims, cannot stop talking about Hollywood. The first film dates back to 1910 when director D.W. Griffith was sent to the United States to create the first “Hollywood” film: In Old California, with a running time of 17 minutes.
Nestor Film Company was the first studio to be established and was inaugurated in 1911. A year later, the big movie companies known to us today, Paramount, Warner Bros, RKO and Columbia, settled down in Los Angeles, a city that is warm and sunny though the year, making it easy to shoot movies of any genre.
The golden age of Hollywood was officially born with the premiere of “The Jazz Singer” in 1927. The films were produced under the genres of western, comedies, musicals, animations and biographies.
Over the years, directors like Coppola, Spielberg, and Luca have revolutionized the way movies are made, producing blockbusters like The Godfather, Jaws, and Star Wars.
Bollywood, the queen of musicals
As we have mentioned in other posts, the term bollywood arises from the combination of the words Hollywood and Bombay, the city where the production of Indian films happens and became popular.
The main features of this Indian film industry are:
- Films that had a long duration (between 2 and 4 hours),
- Musical Scenes
- Introduction of genres and narrative resources in the same production.
Although most people think that Hollywood is the biggest film industry, it is actually Bollywood, since it produces more than 2000 movies a year.
The first Bollywood film was released in 1913 with the title of “Raja Harishchandra”. It was a black and white silent feature film that laid the foundations for the development of the film industry in India.
The 40s, was known as the golden age of Bollywood cinema, since it began to incorporate more complex plots as part of their feature films.
It should be noted that not all cinema created in India can be considered Bollywood. Depending on the region in which the production takes place , for example, Tollywood – cinema in the language Telugu, Mollywood – in Malayalam and Kollywood – Tamil cinema made in Kodambakkam.
Every time you see a Bollywood movie, you will be amazed by the number of musical scenes each film has, the unique sets and clothing that every type of cinema includes.
Bollywood movies, unlike Hollywood, try to show feelings and emotions in a way more theatrical way compared to other kinds of cinema.
In addition, we can highlight that Hollywood cinema aims at box office collection, while Bollywood cinema tries to influence people, their values and morals apart from targeting the earning of revenue or profits.
Nollywood, the most unknown of all film industries
The Nigerian film industry is known as Nollywood.
Its main characteristic is its low budget films, recorded with digital cameras and produced directly in the DVD-video format. Its films are sold for only two or three dollars. The key to its success is giving viewers what they want to see: movies made by Nigerians about Nigerians.
As it aims to meet the needs of low-end entertainment, the Nigerian film industry is probably one of the most profitable cinema industries in the world.
Today in certain areas of Nigeria, Nollywood is the one that generates the most number of new jobs every year.